Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a condition in which one or more of the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH helps regulate calcium levels in the blood. When PTH levels are too high, it can cause a variety of problems, including:
- Bone loss
- Kidney stones
- Muscle weakness
- Sleep problems
Surgical treatment is the most effective way to treat PHPT. The goal of surgery is to remove the source of the excess PTH production. This can be done by removing one or more of the parathyroid glands or by removing the tumor that is causing the glands to overproduce PTH.
Surgical treatment has a number of advantages over other treatments for PHPT, including:
- It can cure the condition
- It can improve symptoms
- It can prevent complications
- It is the most effective way to lower PTH levels
If you have PHPT, it is important to see a doctor to discuss your treatment options. Surgery may be the best option for you, and it can help you improve your health and quality of life.
Here are some additional details about primary hyperparathyroidism:
- Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common endocrine disorder.
- It is more common in women than in men.
- It is usually diagnosed in people between the ages of 30 and 60.
- The symptoms of primary hyperparathyroidism can vary from person to person.
- Some people may have no symptoms at all.
- Other people may have symptoms such as bone pain, kidney stones, or muscle weakness.
- Primary hyperparathyroidism can be caused by a number of factors, including:
- A noncancerous tumor (adenoma) on one of the parathyroid glands.
- Enlargement of two or more parathyroid glands.
- A cancerous tumor on one of the parathyroid glands.
- The diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism is made based on a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging tests.
- There is no cure for primary hyperparathyroidism, but there are treatments that can help manage the condition.
- The most common treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism is surgery to remove the source of the excess PTH production.
- Surgery is the most effective way to lower PTH levels and improve symptoms.
- Other treatments for primary hyperparathyroidism include:
- Medications to lower PTH levels
- Changes in diet and lifestyle
- Radiation therapy
- If you have primary hyperparathyroidism, it is important to see a doctor to discuss your treatment options.
- Surgery may be the best option for you, and it can help you improve your health and quality of life.